Avalehe pilt
Recommendations related to fines
11/27/2020

I got a fine from the police, what should I do?
After receiving the misdemeanour report, you have a right to file the following within 15 days:

  • an objection, if you do not agree with the contents of the misdemeanour report or if you have evidence which you can submit for proving your innocence, as a sign of active defence;
  • a request for providing a possibility to pay the fine, which will be imposed, in instalments, or other; 
  • a request to reduce the 15-days term for receipt of the decision.


After receiving the decision (decision on punishment):

  • if the fine is not to be paid in instalments, then it must be paid in full amount to the bank account within 15 days as of the date when the decision made by the police is available at the police office for examining. The payment instructions must indicate the name and code of the bank, the name of the holder and the number of the bank account to which the fine is to be paid;
  • if the fine has not been paid within 15 days or if you or your counsel have not appealed the decision, then the decision shall be executed;
  • in the case of payment in instalments, if such is also determined by court, the decision shall be sent to a bailiff for execution, the bailiff shall follow the terms of payment in instalments;
  • the decision concerning the withdrawal of the right to drive a vehicle, imposed as a supplementary punishment, shall be executed if the person subject to proceedings or the counsel thereof does not file an appeal against the decision within 15 days after the date on which the decision of the body conducting extra-judicial proceedings becomes available for examination by the participants in the proceedings at the body conducting extra-judicial proceedings and the participants in the proceedings may receive copies of the decision.


A participant in the proceedings has a right to file within 15 days an appeal with county court against a decision made by a body conducting extra-judicial proceedings in expedited procedure and in general procedure.

  1. against a decision made in expedited procedure starting from the date when the participant in proceedings received the decision made by a body conducting extra-judicial procedure.
  2. against a decision made in general procedure starting from the date when the decision made by a body conducting extrajudicial proceedings becomes available for examination by the participant in the proceedings at the body conducting extra-judicial proceedings. 


During a term of appeal, the misdemeanour file is kept at the body which conducted the extra-judicial proceedings and shall not be disclosed. The participants in the proceeding may examine the misdemeanour file and make excerpts therefrom or request copies to be made of the contents of the file for a charge.

No appeal can be filed against a decision on cautioning. 

Requirements for an appeal being filed against a decision made by a body conducting extra-judicial proceedings, i.e. how to draw up an appeal:

  • An appeal against a decision made by a body conducting extra-judicial proceedings shall be filed in written form and the appeal shall set out:
    • the name of the court with which the appeal is filed;
    • if an appeal is filed by a natural person, his or her given name and surname, the address of the residence, phone number and e-mail address;
    • if an appeal is filed by a legal person, then the name and register code of such legal person, in case of foreign legal person the combination of numbers or letters equalised with the register code, the address of the seat, phone number and e-mail address;
    • if an appellant has a counsel, his or her given name and surname, the address of the seat, phone number and e-mail address;
    • name and address of the body conducting extra-judicial proceedings, who has made the decision;
    • number and date of the decision made by a body conducting extra-judicial proceedings, the given name and surname of a natural person participant in the proceedings, or name of the legal person participant in the proceedings, with regard to which the decision is being contested;
    • in which part the decision is being contested;
    • the content of and the reasons submitted in the appeal;
    • the persons requested by the appellant to be summoned to the hearing, and the evidence which is requested by the appellant to be examined by court;
  • An appeal shall be filed together with copies corresponding to the number of participants in the proceedings
  • An appellant shall state in the appeal: 
    • whether he or she wishes to participate in the court hearing;
    • whether he or she wishes participation of a counsel in the hearing, if the appellant has none;
    • The appeal shall be signed by the appellant. In the case if an appeal is signed by a counsel, then a power of attorney of the counsel shall be enclosed to the appeal, unless the power of attorney is already in the misdemeanour file. 
    • The following shall be enclosed to the appeal:
    • a copy of the contested decision made by a body conducting extrajudicial proceedings;
    • evidence;
    • names and addresses of the witnesses requested to be interrogated;
    • other documents, which are deemed important by the appellant.