Avalehe pilt
European Union citizen’s right of residence
12/17/2018

Citizens of the member states of the European Union and the European Economic Area and the Swiss Confederation (hereinafter "EU citizens") have the right to stay in Estonia on the basis of a valid travel document or identity card for the period of up to three months.

On August 1, 2006 the new Citizen of European Union Act entered into force which changed the terms for settling in Estonia of citizens of member states of the European Union and the European Economic Area and the Swiss Confederation (hereinafter "EU citizens") and their family members who are citizens of third countries and the procedures necessary for it. EU citizens who resided in Estonia on August 1, 2006 on the basis of a residence permit shall be considered as EU citizens who have the right of residence in Estonia.

Generally, an EU citizen who has resided in Estonia permanently for five successive years on the basis of the right of temporary residence shall obtain the right of permanent residence.

 

The right of temporary residence

In order to obtain the right of temporary residence an EU citizen must contact the local government authority nearest to his/her place of residence and register his/her residence within three months from the date of entering Estonia. The right of temporary residence is granted for a period of five years.

More information about the registration of your place of residence can be obtained at the local government authority nearest to your place of residence or on the homepage of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.

An EU citizen must, within the period of one month from the acquisition of the right of temporary residence, contact personally a customer service of the C itizenship and Migration Bureau of the Prefecture (CMB) to apply for an identity card which certifies his/her right of temporary residence.

Upon the application for an identity card the following documents must be submitted to the CMB:

  • a standard application form (you do not have to complete the application form before you come to the customer service of the CMB);
  • an identity document of the applicant;
  • a coloured photo sized 40x50 mm;
  • a document certifying the payment of the state fee.

 

If an identity card is applied for a minor child the following must be added to the above-mentioned documents:

  • an identity document of his/her legal representative . The guardian who has been appointed by the court must also add a document certifying his/her right of representation.
  • a child's birth certificate (unless the child holds an identity or travel document of a foreign country). If the parent's name in the child's birth certificate differs from the name in the parent's identity document a document certifying the change of the name of the parent, e.g. certificate of marriage.

 

Identity cards are issued by the service centres of CMB within a period of one month from the date of submission of the application.

The right of temporary residence shall be extended automatically for a period of five years if the registered place of residence of the EU citizen is continually in Estonia and if the right of temporary residence of the EU citizen has not been expired or terminated. If the period of validity of an EU citizen's identity card has expired he/she has to apply for a new identity card.

 

Right of permanent residence

An EU citizen who has resided in Estonia permanently for five successive years on the basis of the right of temporary residence shall obtain the right of permanent residence. The stay in Estonia for at least 183 days a year is considered as a permanent residence in Estonia. The period before August 1, 2006, during which an EU citizen resided in Estonia on the basis of a residence permit, shall be included in the period required for granting the right of permanent residence.

A newly-born child of an EU citizen who resides in Estonia on the basis of the right of permanent residence has the right of permanent residence.

EU citizens must, in order to register their right of permanent residence, contact the customer service of the CMB or submit the respective applications by post presenting the following documents:

  • application form;
  • an identity document of the applicant;
  • a coloured photo sized 40x50 mm;
  • a document certifying the payment of the state fee.

As an exception an EU citizen has the right to apply for the right of permanent residence before the period of five years has lapsed if he/she resides, or has resided, permanently in Estonia on the basis of the right of temporary residence:

  • for at least three successive years and has been employed or self-employed for at least the last twelve months and attained pensionable age (an applicant must submit, in addition to the application documents, also a document which certifies that he/she has worked in Estonia for at least the previous 12 months);
  • for at least last two years and has finished working as an employed or self-employed person because of permanent incapacity for work (an applicant must also submit, in addition to the application documents, a document which certifies that he/she has a permanent incapacity for work);
  • and has finished working because of permanent incapacity for work caused by work injury or occupational disease (an applicant must also submit, in addition to the application documents, a document which certifies that he/she has a permanent incapacity for work
  • and has worked in Estonia as an employed or self-employed person for at least three years and is currently working in another EU member state but returns to Estonia at least once a week (an applicant must also submit, in addition to the application documents, a document which certifies that he/she has worked in Estonia for three successive years, as well as confirmation that he/she returns to Estonia at least once a week).

 

Upon the registration of the right of permanent residence the CMB shall issue an identity card to EU citizens.

An application for the registration of the right of permanent residence can be submitted by post, except in the case of the registration of the right of permanent residence of a minor younger that one year, by sending it at the following address:

Alalise elamisõiguse registreerimise taotlus
Politsei- ja Piirivalveamet
Sõle 61a
Tallinn

There is no need to send the original document. A copy is adequate. An applicant must certify the compliance of the copy with the original with his/her signature on each page of the copy which bears any data. The signature must be supplemented by the applicant's name and the date of signing the copy.

Information about processing the application

An application for the registration of the right of permanent residence shall be submitted by an applicant or by his/her legal representative at a customer service of the CMB or by post. The CMB shall examine the application and if the EU citizen has the right of residence an identity card shall be issued to him/her.

In case of any deficiencies in the application the applicant shall be informed thereof at the contacts given by him/her on the application. The term for the procedure shall be suspended and the decision as to whether or not to issue an identity card, or to register the right of permanent residence, shall be made after the rectification of the deficiencies. If the applicant shall not rectify the deficiencies concerning the application or the documents added to it, or shall not submit the required documents the CMB shall not process his/her application.

The CMB makes a decisionas to whether or not to issue an identity card, as well as whether or not to register the right of permanent residencewithin a period of one month from the date of starting the processing of the application or the date of rectifying the deficiencies.